Muni Kumudendu

 

Muni Kumudendu : An Introduction

(Excerpts for booklet “सिरि भूवलय शोध : दशा एवं दिशा” by Dr. Anupam Jain & Er. Anil Kumar Jain, published by KundKund Gyanpeeth – October 2017, Indore, INDIA).    

 

Muni Kumudendu, a great genius, created a unique treasure house of knowledge known as ‘Siri Bhoovalaya’. Intricate nature of script using numerals only in Chakras  and  exceedingly complicated steps of various types of Bandhas  to decrypt the poetry,  rendered this great creation out of bounds not only to common people but also to scholars and Acharyas of subsequent period. Hence it may be a matter of debate on concluding the period when Muni Kumudendu existed since the mention of ‘Siri Bhoovalaya’ and Muni Kumudendu by subsequent Acharyas is not observable. Devappa of Piriya Pattan has magnificently described Muni Kumudendu and Siri Bhoovalaya in his melodious Kannada poetry titled “Kumudendu Shatak”.

According to a rough estimate  about a thousand year ago Muni Kumudendu dwelled in a village called Yelavalli near Nandi-Parvat in Kolar District of Karnataka. According one estimate Siri-Bhoovalaya was scripted 44 years later after completion of Dhavala Granth by Acharya Veersen in  year 816 AD. Thus Muni Kumudendu’s period can be reckoned as year 816+44 = 860 AD.  Based on the Linguistic and prosodic characterstics of Siri Bhoovalaya a group of scholars estimated period of Muni Kumudendu between 12th and 15th century.

He was contemporary to King Nruptung Amoghvarsh of Rashtrakoot dynasty. During his period there were number of great scholars, mathematicians, grammarians and artisans, which seem to have left a mark on the multi faceted brilliance of Muni Kumudendu. On appreciating the significance of Kumudendu’s Siri Bhoovalaya, Mallikabbe, the wife of one of Nrupatunga’s army officers got few copies of this unique epic created and distributed these  among the Jain Acharyas of her time that include Acharya Maghnandi as well. One of the copies survived for about next thousand years with Dharanendra Pandit and later brought to light by great efforts of Pandit Yelappa Shashtri.

Muni Kumudendu experimented with multiplicity of his great ingenuity in his wonderful and only one of its kind creation on earth. He used numerals in place of letters throughout to compose unimaginable number of 6 lac shlokas. He applied vast mathematical foundation to create intricate Bandhas to decrypt the text hidden in Ankaaksharas. Interweaving of poetry of multiple languages inside the base Kannada is a marvel to observe. Derivation of subsequent  eight Khandas from the first one i.e. Mangal Prabhrut is another piece of magical inventiveness of Muni Kumudendu. Yet there remains lot to be discovered  to accurately appraise the creative brilliance of Muni Kumudendu.

In addition to Kannada, the languages in which the Chakras manifest poetry and verses include Prakruta, Samskrut, Telugu, Tamil, Apabhramsha and Pali etc. totaling 718 of dialects. The subject matters covers religious scriptures of Jains, Vedas, Ayurveda, Astrology, Mathematics and many more topics.

Muni Kumudendu has dedicated ‘Siri Bhoovalaya’ to Lord Gommateshwara and has drawn inspiration from another great Granth titled “ShatKhandagam” by Muni Pushpadant and Bhutabali,  However he started with Mangla-Charan in devotion to Lord Chandra Prabhu as was done by his guru Acharya Virasena in Dhavala.  He bestowed  his profound respect to Shri  Veersen Acharya as his Guru. Acharya Virasena was proficient in astrology, grammar, logic, mathematics and prosody. He wrote Dhavala, a commentary on Jain canon Shatakhandagama.

Muni Kumudendu was a Digambar Jain saint in lineage  of Sen Gana / Nandi Sangh of KundKund Sect. This has been described by Devappa of Piriyapattan in one of the following verses from “Kumudendu Shatak”,

श्री देशीगण पालितो बुध्नुतः  श्री नंदीसंघेश्वरः 

श्री तर्कागमवारीधी मर्म  गुरु श्री कुंदकुंदान्वयः ।।
श्री भूमंडल राजपूजित लसच्छिृ   पादपद्मद्वयो।
जियात सो कुमुदेंदु पंडित मुनिः श्रीवक्र गच्छाधीपः ।।

Muni Kumudendu makes a start of Siri Bhoovlaya with first verse of first Khanda (Mangal Prabhrut) with grand tribute to eight Teerthankar. Afterwards he proceeds to describe  distinctive traits of Digamber Jain Muni and so establishes his eligibility for scripting Bhoovalaya.

यल गल दिक्कगल हत्तनुबट्टेय । नलविनिम्   धरि सिरद मुनियु।।

सलुव दिगम्बर नेन्तेनद    केळवू।  बलिदनक् काव्य भूवलय।।

(Siri Bhoovalaya Mangal Prabhrut first Adhyaya verse no. 10)

{ Digamber Jain saints remain devoid of all types of belongings like bare sky. Their own body is their only possession which is covered by the ten directions. Such Jain Munis only express Bhoovalaya since eternity.}

 

 

       Param Pujya Muni Kumudendu Guru

KumudenduMuni

It may be a matter of debate on concluding the period when Muni Kumudendu existed. But to a rough estimate about a thousand year ago Muni Kumudendu dwelled in a village called Yelavalli near Nandi-Parvat in Kolar District of Karnataka. He was contemporary to King Amoghvarsh of Rashtrakoot dynasty. Muni Kumudendu was a Digambar Jain saint in lineage  of Deshi Gana / Nandi Sangh.

Muni Kumudendu has dedicated ‘Siri Bhoovalaya’ to Lord Gommateshwara and has drawn inspiration from another great Granth titled “ShatKhandagam” by Muni Pushpadant and Bhutabali.

It is subject of serious research on –  How could Muni Kumudendu create this unique epic which he scripted with complex arrangements of only numerals (range 1 to 64) covering verses and poetry in 18 major and 700 minor dialects at the same time?   It is mentioned by himself that it took only 46 minutes to craft this great wonder.

Out of estimated 6000 Chakras, only one copy 1270 Chakras survived from clutches of time. Under strange circumstances this only remaining copy of the original manuscript was brought to light by Pandit Yellapa Shastri through his tireless efforts in around 1950’s and continued till his sudden demise in 1957. Till that time this spectacular and only such creation in human history remained undiscovered. Since the whole script was in numerals and that too enciphered in variety of schemes, the work did not attract attention of even great scholars. Pandit Yellapa Shashtri deserves countless thanks for bringing this gem of originality to be recognized and appreciated by concerned persons.

Other persons who devoted their precious efforts to this magnanimous cause included Shri Karlmangal Shreekanthaiyya, Shri K. Anant Subbarao, Shri M.Y Dharmpal and Sri Y.K Mohan etc.

NandiHill This is a picture of  Nandi Hill near Yelvalli where Muni Kumudenu Guru sculpted this wonderful piece of scripture.

 

6 thoughts on “Muni Kumudendu

  1. gaurav jain

    jai jinendra

    i glad to see this website and your hard work on siri bhoovalya
    sir i want to know more about this great granth.
    and i know guy who are in expert in algorithms.

    Reply
    1. admin Post author

      Dear Shri Gauravji,

      Jai Jinendra,

      Thanks a lot for appreciating this miniscule attempt. Much much more is required to reveal contents of this unique Granth. If you are in a position to contribute to this cause please contact us.

      Anil Kumar Jain
      (info@siri-bhoovalaya.org)

      Reply
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